- Allergic disorders
Allergy is also known as allergic disease; are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to something in the environment that usually causes little or no problem in most people. It includes hay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma and anaphylaxis. Symptoms may include red eyes and itchy rash, sneezing, running nose, shortness of breath; swelling, food intolerance and food poisoning are separate conditions.
Common allergens include pollen and certain food .Metals and other substance may also cause problems. Food, insect’s stings and medications are common cause of severe reactions. The development is due to the genetic and environmental factors. The underlying mechanism involves immunoglobin E (IgE) antibodies. Diagnosis is typically based on a person’s medical history. Further testing of the skin or blood may be useful in certain cases.
Ayurvedic management includes purificatory procedures like vamana,virechana etc.
- Anal fissure
Anal fissure is a small cut/tear in the lining of anus .The crack in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements .These tears can be caused due to hard stools / repeated episodes of diarrhoea etc.
This condition can be effectively treated with ayurvedic internal and external medications.
- Arthritis & Rheumatic Disorders
Arthritis is a joint inflammation and though it’s a symptom rather than a diagnosis, the term is often used to refer to any disorder affecting the joint. Rheumatic disorders usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones and muscles. Sometimes they are called musculoskeletal disease. Its common symptoms include –joint pain, loss of movement in joints, inflammation (swelling, redness and warmth) in joint or affected area. There are more than 100 rheumatic disorders. Among the most common ones are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, ankylosing spondylitis, psoariatic arthritis, gout, scleroderma, infectious arthritis , juvenile idiopathic arthritis, cervical and lumbar spondylitis.
Ayurvedic management for arthrirtis and rheumatic disorders varies depending on the specific disease or condition; however treatment generally includes the following – ruksha sweda , dhanyamala dhara, patra pinda sweda, jambeera pinda sweda, upanaham, avagaham , vasthi and lepam etc .
- Cervical spondylosis(Neck pain)
Cervical spondylosis is also called cervical osteoarthritis. It’s a condition involving changes to the bone, disc and joint of the neck. The changes are caused by the normal wear and tear of ageing. With age, the disc of the cervical spine gradually breakdown, loss fluid and become stiff. Cervical spondylosis usually occurs in middle aged and elderly people.
Cervical spondylosis most often causes neck pain and stiffness. Pain may spread to the upper arm or fingers. The risk factors for cervical spondylosis are ageing, previous injury to neck, poor posture, overweight, heavy lifting or lots of bending and twisting.
The general treatments include nasya , lepa ,greeva vasti, various pinda sweda etc.
Addiction is a psychological and physiological dependence on alcohol or other drugs of abuse, that affect the central nervous system in such a way that withdrawal symptoms are experienced when the substance is discontinued. De-addiction is a term for the process of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment for dependency of psycho active substance such as alcohol prescription drugs and street drugs such as cocaine .The general intent is to unable the patient to cease substance abuse, in order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social and physical consequences that can be caused especially by extreme abuse.
Ayurvedic management includes- takradhara, shirodhara, thalapothichil, virechanam, yoga etc.
- Digestive disorders
Digestive disorders are the disorders which related to the digestive system. Digestive system disorders are also called as Gastro intestine disorders.
The digestive system began at the mouth and ends at the anus. Common digestive symptoms include gastric ulcer, gastritis, peptic ulcer, loss of appetite, diverticulitis, irritable bowel syndrome, gall stone, crohns disease, ulcerative colitis, haemorrhoids , anal fissure, heartburn etc.
It’s a small channel that can develop between the end of anal canal and skin near the anus. It can cause bleeding and pus discharge when passing stools and is very painful condition. It occurs mainly due to any previous attack of an anorectal abscess .This can be effectively managed with parasurgical procedures like Ksharasutra & Kshara karma.
It’s a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in older people and the problems specific to ageing.
Ageing refers to the inevitable, irreversible decline in organ function that occurs over time even in the absence of injury, illness, environmental risks, or poor lifestyle choice. Initially the changes in organ function do not affect baseline function .The first manifestation are reduced capacity of each organ to maintain homeostasis under stress .Cardiovascular ,renal and central nervous system are usually the most vulnerable .Cataract, Alzheimer’s disease ,dementia etc are most common geriatric problems.
Ayurvedic medicines are very helpful; it gives strength to the body and improves the power. Rejuvinative therapies like abhyangam, pizhichil, njavara kizhi, matravasti, snehavasti, tailadhara, pratimarsha nasya, shirodhara, shiro pichu, thalam, tharpanam, karnapooranam, yoga and meditation found very effective in geriatric cases.
It’s often defined as not conceiving after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth controls. Infertility affects men and women equally. The female causative factors include infrequent menstrual periods, ovulation disorders, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, uterine fibroid, PCOD, age related factor etc. Male causative factor include semen abnormalities, ejaculatory disorders,varicocoele,cancer etc.
Ayurvedic management of infertility is successfully practicing now a days and it has got wide acceptance. It includes shodhana therapies, uttaravasthi and internal usage of rasayana and vajeekarana medicine for both male and female partners.
- Low Back Pain
Low back pain refers to any pain or discomfort experienced in the bottom region of spine ,which is known as lumbar spine .This region support most of the upper body weight, affecting around 80% of adults and ranking as the number one cause of job-related disability. There are many effective treatments to eliminate and alleviate low back pain.
Common complications associated with low back pain include- achy dull pain, muscle spasm, radiating pain, stiffness and difficulty in moving, troubles sleep, tinkling sensation, numbness or weakness.
The most factors contributing to low back pain are strain to ligaments, muscles or tissue ,spinal stenosis , skeletal irregularities, herniated or ruptured disc, disc degeneration, infection traumatic injury, radiculopathy, sciatica, osteoporosis , arthritis , tumors ,fibromyalgia, kidney stones .
Main Ayurvedic treatments include- various pinda swedas, avagaham, lepam, kashayavasthi, snehapanam, virechanam, kati vasti etc.
- Obesity and Life style diseases
Lifestyle disease is defined as disease linked with the way people live their life. This is commonly caused due to lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating habits and also alcohol, drug, smoking abuse. Diseases that impact on our lifestyle are –heart disease, stroke, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Adults can develop life style diseases through behavioral factors that impact on them. Unemployment, unsafe life, poor social environment, working conditions, stress and home life can change a person’s life style to increase their risk of developing one of these diseases.
Obesity:- It’s a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health .People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI)a measure obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the persons height ,is over above the limit.
Heart Disease (Cardiovascular disease):- cardiovascular disease is a class of disease ,that involve the heart or blood vessels .Cardiovascular diseases includes coronary artery disease(CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarctions. Other cardiovascular diseases include stroke, heart failure, hypertension heart disease, rheumatic heart disease.
Type 2 Diabetes: – Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a long term metabolic disorders that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance and relative lack of insulin. Common symptoms include –increased thirst, frequent urination and unexplained weight loss.
Ayurvedic management mainly according to the condition; diet therapy, ruksha sweda (valuka sweda and churna pinda swedam), udwartana, dhanyamala dhara etc.
Osteoporosis is condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decrease in strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone i.e. compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton will weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in the bones .The spine, hips, ribs and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis.
The cause and risk factors of osteoporosis includes hereditary factors, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, diet low in calcium, poor nutrition, malabsorption, hormonal imbalance (testosterone and oestrogen) rheumatoid arthritis, liver diseases and hyperthyroidism.
Ayurvedic management include various pinda swedas, especially njavara kizhi, mamsa kizhi, kashaya vasti ,different vastis, upanaham etc.
It is a condition involving a loss of muscle function in the body that may be accompanied by sensory loss. Paralysis means disabling of nerves. This is because it is usually due to damage to the nervous system that there is loss of motor function or sensory information.
There are several possible reasons that one may experience temporary or permanent paralysis. It is usually as result of damage to spinal cord or other parts of the nervous system and associated with stroke , trauma ,poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy, peripheral neuropathy, parkinsonism, botulism, spinabifida, multiple sclerosis ,Gullian barre syndrome.
Ayurvedic treatments include thalam, nasyam, shirovasti, shiro dhara, various pinda swedas, different vasti karmas, virechanam etc.
- Parkinson’s disease
This is the second most common neuro degenerative disorder and the most common movement disorder. There is progressive loss of muscle control, which leads to trembling of the limbs and head while at rest, stiffness, slowness and impaired balance. As symptoms worsen the person may become difficult to walk , talk and complete simple tasks.
Ayurvedic management includes – pinda swedas, njavara kizhi, nasya, vasti etc.
The history of physiotherapy can be traced back to ancient India nearly 5000yrs ago in the Ayurvedic classics. It is considered as one of the oldest methods to cure various physical ailments. Physiotherapy has evolved from simple massage to a complex assortment of therapy.
Physiotherapy when combined with Ayurveda is ideal for post accident care, sports injury, professional as well as age related disabilities, rheumatoid arthritis, other neurological conditions and also other conditions causing disability of muscular and bony problems.
The common physiotherapy treatments includes – massage, exercise, joint mobilization, postural training, balance exercises, traction, bandaging, heat therapy, infrared therapy etc.
Piles /haemorrhoids are swellings that develop inside and around the anal canal. The swollen and inflammed veins in the anal canal causes discomfort and bleeding which hampers day to day activities. Mostly piles occur due to chronic constipations, chronic diarrhea, untimely food habits, pregnancy, straining when passing stool, hereditary factors.
Ksharakarma and Ksharasutra are effective parasurgical procedures in Ayurveda which bring 100% relief from this condition.
- Pre-Natal care
Prenatal care / antenatal care is care to be followed during the pregnancy period to ensure a healthy pregnancy. It includes diet and regimen to be followed during pregnancy in order to ensure normal delivery and healthy baby. The growth of baby does not depend only on mother’s diet and medication but also behaviour or the viharas (regimen) of mother plays an important part in it. In Ayurveda, there is specific medicinal treatment for each month of pregnancy which helps in nourishment of baby and mother, it is called masanumasika chikitsa. It includes intake of various ksheerapakas (medicated milk preparations), medicated ghee, special diets etc.
- Post-Natal care
Post Natal care or the prasava raksha is the care to be followed after child birth to ensure complete restoration of mothers health and strength. The first 45 days after child birth is the period of rest, rejuvenation and bonding. In Ayurveda post natal care is successfully practising and is called sutika paricharya. The main aim after child birth is to balance vata dosa. For that specific dietetics, several medicinal formulations, oil massage, medicated bath (kashaya snana/ vethu kuli), udhara veshtana are practising depending upon the condition of mother. All these measures assist in ensuring successful breast feeding, promoting health of mother and baby, replenishes strength of body.
It’s a noncontagious chronic skin condition that produces plaques of thickened, scaling skin. The dry flakes of skin scales results from the excessively rapid proliferation of skin cells. The proliferation of skin cells is triggered by inflammatory chemicals (produced by specialised white blood cells called T- lymphocytes). Common psoriasis symptoms includes- red patches of skin covered with silvery scales, small scaling spots ,dry cracked skin ,itching ,burning or soreness, itchy plaques ,small bleeding points when the scale is peeled away .
Ayurvedic management includes snehapanam, vamanam, virechanam, vasti, takra dhara kashaya dhara, pizhichil, lepam,rakthamoksham etc..
- Respiratory disorders
Respiratory disorders are the diseases affecting the airways and lungs that affect respiration. Common respiratory disorders are –common cold, cough, sinusitis, asthma, rhinitis, tuberculosis, bronchitis, pneumonia etc .
Ayurvedic management includes nasya, vamana, virechana, snehapana, abhyanga, various kizhis etc.
Sciatica is pain in the lower extremity resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve. The pain of sciatica is typically felt from the low back (lumbar area) to behind the thigh and can radiate down below the knee Common lower back problems that can cause sciatica symptoms includes a lumbar herniated disc, degeneration, disc disease, spondylosthesis or spinal stenosis.
Ayurvedic management include snehapanam,vamanam,virechanam,various pinda swedas,different vasthi karmas,agnikarmas.etc
- Spine related problems
The spine or back bone is made up of small bones (vertebrae) arranged along with discs-one on top of another. A healthy spine when viewed from the side has gentle curves to it .The vertebrae protects spinal cord and allow to stand and bend. A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue. The main causes are infections, injuries, tumors, conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis and scoliosis, bone changes that come with age such as spinal stenosis and herniated disc. Spinal diseases often cause pain when bone changes put pressure on the spinal cord or nerves . They can also limit movements.
Ayurvedic management include snehapanam,vamanam,virechanam,various pinda swedas,different vasthi karmas,agnikarmas.etc
- Urinary disorders
Includes any diseases /conditions that affects kidney, ureter, bladder and urethra. The common diseases affecting are urinary tract infection, burning micturation, haematuria, kidney stones, urinary incontinence, cystitis, kidney failure , benign prostatic hypertrophy etc.
The general line of treatment of urinary disorders includes snehanam, swedanam, uttara vasti, virechanam, vasti and other internal medications according to the conditions of the patient.
- Varicose veins
Varicose veins also known as varicose or varicosities, occurs when your veins become enlarged, dilated and over filled with blood. Varicose veins typically appear swollen and raised and have bluish purple/red in colour. They are often painful .The most commonly affected veins are those in legs and feet because standing and walking upright increases the pressure in the veins of lower body.
Ayurvedic management includes- raktamokshana mainly sira vydha, jaluka avacharanam, lepam, njavara kizhi etc.
Yoga is a group of physical, mental and spiritual practises or disciplines which originated from pre-Vedic period. The word yoga is derived from Sanskrit root ‘yuj’ means to join/to unite .It includes various asanas, breathing exercises, meditation etc to improve overall health. Practicing yoga daily helps in increasing ones flexibility, strengthens muscles, centers your thoughts ,relaxes and calms body and mind. Nowadays yoga is practicing effectively to treat certain mental and physical health issues and also a self- care strategy for prevention of diseases and maintenance of health.